Why are there so many part-time employees these days? Is it a lack of employment opportunities, employers worried about paying for benefits for full-time workers, or something completely different? According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, seven in 10 retail employees are full-time employees, and two-thirds of those part-timers work part time by choice. Full-time employees tend to be the “experts” in the business and get promoted to management positions. Part timers prefer work with less time commitment because they have other jobs, family care issues, are students or are just starting out in their careers and need a flexible schedule. Will the new health-care legislation change the ratio of part-time workers to full-time? The National Retail Federation doesn’t believe so.